Lesson plans ESL teachers

Are you looking for lesson plan ideas for your English lessons? Feel free to use any of these lesson plans and resources in your ESL classroom.

Beginner level lesson plans

Intermediate level lesson plans

Advanced level lesson plans

Why do ESL teachers need to plan their English lessons?

Teachers plan their lessons in order to be prepared, provide structure and to make sure time is not wasted in the lesson thinking about what to do with their students.  A lesson plan can be referred to by the teacher during the lesson. If a lesson is planned it makes it easier for the teacher to use language consistently. If a teacher is unprepared it will be obvious to the students that they do not have a lesson plan. This could cause a loss of respect and discipline problems. Preparation also encourages students to be organized themselves.

Teachers plan their lessons to make sure that the whole lesson is accounted for and on topic. Teachers can also plan to review their lesson plans or prepare students for the next topic. Lesson planning will ensure there is enough material to fill the time.  A well thought out plan will make it easier for students to complete the tasks set to them. This will also increase confidence and participation amongst students.

A clear set of objectives are useful to the teacher and for all their lesson plans. The teacher needs to know what he/she wants the students to achieve by the end of each lesson. Without lesson plans a teacher could lose sight of what they are trying to achieve  and a good stack of lesson plans will give you as a teacher more confidence.

Lesson plans will also help the teacher to ensure that all language skills are given equal attention. Detailed lesson plans are essential if course books and learning materials are not provided.

Good lesson plans will make it a simple matter for another teacher to temporarily take over in case of your absence and will ensure students don’t skip any part of the lessons you have set out in advance.

A lesson plan should anticipate any problems. The teacher will then have a solution on hand in case those problems arise.

Lesson plans help the teacher to make sure they don’t forget any essential materials required to deliver the lesson – such as handouts, relia or recorded speech.

A teacher may be required to present lesson plans and their students work to the school’s administration department or head teacher/master.

Lesson plans also provide the teacher with an accurate record of what has been taught to each class. It is essential to know what the students have already learned to effectively plan future lessons and to set fair tests.

A good selection of lesson plans are essential for any ESL teacher.

Preparing your Lesson Plans as an ESL teacher

Most ESL teachers know what it is like to spend hours writing extensive lesson plans that chart out every moment of the class. The reality is that things never go exactly according to schedule and who has that kind of time, anyway? It is not too difficult to create a more fundamental lesson plan that you may adjust to many different courses. I am talking about lesson plans that doesn't take the teacher more than a few minutes to create. It is accurate that some 10 % of teachers are really comfortable winging it with their students - not making use lesson plans and training strategies and thinking up ideas on the spot that go along with the textbook. This undoubtedly can lead to the teacher being put on the spot where no ideas easily come to mind and you are caught doing dry textbook materials for your whole class or even worse the teacher is stumped for what to do without a plan.

On the other hand, some teachers want to be prepared and the notion of walking into class of students without lesson plans is similar to that dream where you are in high school with no clothes on! Lesson plans also helps when you have lower level students or students who are not very talkative. A teacher that has great lesson plans to drop back on helps a lesson run efficiently, with less awkward pauses or weary faces.

Should you write out your lesson plans? I usually did, but you do not need to. I kept a notebook with a few records about which actions or publication pages that I plan to be doing and in what order. It generally just required me as a teacher about ten minutes to plan out a lesson (unless I had to search for a particular action for my students). I know plenty of senior teachers who didn't really need to create more lesson plans, but instead kept their course work plan in the order they will be employed, and a post-it to indicate where they left off and in what order their lesson plans are deployed and markers for updating certain lesson plans.

After about a year of teaching, I had a cabinet full of document folders and lesson plans arranged by subject or grammar point with brief routines to use as warm-ups, such as dialogue questions, photographs to explain, terminology to match and so forth.
A teacher should ask the students to create their own discussion concerns during a lesson, mix them up, motivate and discuss. This really is where a teacher can beef out and extend on their lesson plans, whether it's through a book or some thing you have produced yourself.
Introduce the syntax level or train the language, then enter the training exercises, reading, etc. Depending on just how long a lesson is, don't let this part go on for too long. Should you have a two hour lesson for example, I attempt to have some thing "fun" incorporated in the middle of my lesson plans for use in between long workouts that is nevertheless associated to your lesson plans, including a grammar game, discussion activity, language activity, etc. The aim would be to stop students from becoming bored, tired, or burnt out during a lesson. A teacher should get the students speaking, or also up and active is excellent in between challenging lesson plans. A teacher should also attempt to complete a brief wrap-up at the conclusion of each workout, or particularly at the end of your class. Frequently a teacher can get several students to reveal their ideas or views, particularly if it was a couple or team action which you have just finished. Asking if the students have any concerns, may also function as a wrap-up. A teacher can ask the students for their own lesson plan ideas and what games do they like.

A teacher can also perform a fast review or conclusion on the points you covered during a class. The aim here would be to avoid dismissing pupils following a long period of working quietly, which offers a "lesson is over, now get out!" perception (even if that's what you as a teacher is thinking sometimes!). Students everywhere, never function at exactly the same tempo. There are always pupils who are faster or slower than the others or occasionally you've a multi-level class. If a teacher has more advanced students that have nothing to do this can be a big issue, as the students get bored and the slower students get discouraged if they don't have sufficient time to complete a task. A teacher should have an additional exercise or more lesson plans prepared which helps to remove this difficulty. Have something that quick students can work on quietly, such as a creating job. Free conversation practice could also be allowed during your lesson plans (only make certain they're not sitting there quietly - some students love the natural conversation practice but some shyer students might find it uncomfortable).

Another method used by the teacher to avoid planning an extra activity would be to enable pupils to start their homework during a lesson. Lastly, do not worry if some of your additional tasks or lesson plans do not relate to their curriculum. A teacher can have a bunch of unrelated activities ready to use, such as word searches, grammar tests, or discussion topics ready in case some students finished early during a class (or, paradise forbid, all the students finished more quickly than the teacher expected!). Most students enjoy getting the chance to practice and strengthen what they have learned during your class (particularly with adult students). Additionally, many schools demand a daily or weekly homework practice. Textbooks usually have workbooks that are ideal to utilize as homework.

Jessica Wicks has been an English teacher for over 18 years. She currently writes for Uceda School where she helps students to learn English as a second language and has an abundance ESL lesson plans.

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