ESL lesson plans Beginners   

TEFL Thailand, ESL lesson Plans
Free ESL lesson plans

Objective for your lesson plan: Teach children about the different sounds of animals and instruments.

Materials:  Laptop, videos, audio samples, songs, scissors, tape, flashcards, balls and a whiteboard (archery target) Rest of the materials are available in the classroom.

Step by step guide; lesson Plan

12.00 PM ( Listening activity, warmer )

Start by listening to the animal sound clips/video’s and stop each time to let the class repeat the animal names. I’ve got many animal flashcards that I can use to let the children speak out the names without the movie. Individually ask them to repeat pronunciation.


12.10 PM (Activity)

I’ll put a flashcard on every wall, students will have to stand in the middle of the classroom.

When the teacher assistant says the name of one of the 4 flashcards the children have to run and touch the wall that has the flashcard taped to it. The last child to touch the wall is out and has to wait for a bit until the game starts over. Repeat by putting different flashcards on the wall and saying out different words each time.

12.15 PM (Class activity)

Zoo Game: This is a fun activity for young learners on the topic of animal noises.  After teaching the animals and their noises sit each student in a different part of the classroom and assign them as different animals (to make it clearer you can give each student a flashcard of the animal they are representing).  Walk around the room and talk to each student, ask them to reply as an animal.  E.g. T: "Hello Chai", S1:"Moo! (Cow)  T: "What's your name?" S2: "Roar!" (Lion)  T: "How are you, Nok?" S3: "Woof-woof!" (Dog)

12.25 PM (Listening activity)

I will let the children listen to sounds of different music instruments and let them guess the sound of the instrument. I have flashcards to help the children speak out as loud as possible. When this is finished I will ask them to speak or call out the different instruments individually.

12.35 PM End the ESL lesson plan with an (Activity, Cooler)

Make an ABC target board similar to a dartboard. Students have to hit the board and instead of points they will hit a letter. Students have to come up with any word starting with the letter they hit.

Extras the teacher should include in any ESL lesson plan.
Puzzle sheets should be available for the children to complete. Ask them to fill out vocabulary word searches or you could play short English cartoon’s similar to Sesame Street.

TESOL Thailand

ESL Lesson Plans (Beginner)

Koh Phangan 

Course title: Camp knowledge for beginners.
Class level: Beginner
Age: 7-10
Place: Thailand, Koh Phangan, Saturday school: Echobeach.
Frequency: Saturday mornings
Duration: 60 minutes
Number of students:....

Objective for your ESL Lesson: Teaching nature and camping vocabulary

Materials:  Rope, Flashcards, bowl, cork, magnetized needle, puzzle sheets, compass and the rest is available in classroom. Two sets of A 4 handouts with camping vocabulary and song sheet both with supporting pictures to key words.

Step by step guide: ESL Lesson

10.00 am ( Activity, warmer )

Teacher should start the lesson with a quick introduction to the children followed by an activity.

Command game: ( Variant on Simon says ). Teacher will say do a stand up, sit down, jump and other sorts of motions. Sometimes say stand up while children are already standing or make a jump while saying sit down etc.

10.05 am (Class activity )

Learn about the compass and teach north, east, south and the west.
Show them an actual compass and where the north, east, south and west are and what country’s or places you will go if you cross the border or if you go far enough. Sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
Get the children to draw and write the compass points and ask them to point out and say different positions - NE, SW.

10.15 am ( Activity for the lesson )

Teacher prepares a basic way on how to make a compass. Requirements are: A bowl with water, something that floats like a cork or a bottle cap. Put a magnetized needle on the bottle cap and it will always point to the north.

10.25 am ( Activity for the lesson )

Teacher introduces the children to a rope and teach the children how they can make a few very important knots that could save lives on one day, if not, it can always come in handy at some point in life. Ask them to practice.

Bowling knot – used as a lifesaving knot.
Reef knot - used for joining two ropes together.
Round turn and two hitches - pulling or holding knot.
Clothes hitch – sailors knot used when mooring ships
Rolling hitch – safety knot used by rock climbers.

Tug of war game with rope, ask them to make two teams and repeat several times and swap the teams around.

10.40 am ( class practice )

Teach the children about the various insects that you can find in the nature or even at home! We’ve prepared flashcards for this and will ask them to repeat the names of the various insects.

10.50 am ( ESL lesson plan cooler )

Song ending the ESL lesson plan Kum By Ya, and closure.


Make a drawing of different insects; teach children what to pack if they go camping and ask them to complete the insect word search that I’ve prepared.

TESOL Thailand 

ESL Lesson Plans

Review of animals to practice grammar of can and can't.

Objective for the ESL lesson: To use can and can't to say in what ways different animals are able and not able to get around.

Materials: Animal flashcards, prepared picture of fantasy animals.

Engage: Teacher Introductions. Greet the class and ask them to write their names in large letters on paper to hang at the front of their desks.

Explain that they will play a game with a time limit (2 minutes). Working in pairs class they should list as many animals as they can think of. Find out which pair managed the most and ask them to list the most names. Congratulate winners!

Teacher elicit animals to board. List less well known animals on the right. List very commonly known animal names on the left. Try to elicit animal names that appear on the worksheets. Use flashcards for animals they may not know (e.g. walrus, budgerigar).

Rub out easier animal names. Elicit ways of 'getting about verbs' using mime (walk, run, swim, climb, crawl, fly). Ask them to give two examples of what the various animals listed can do. E.g. An alligator can swim, and an alligator can crawl.

Study: Teacher demonstrates written use of can/can't using animal examples. E.g. A fish can swim. An elephant can't jump. Explain contraction of cannot.  Drill sentences as a class. Drill individual students.

Ask them to fill in can or can't on the worksheet (working in pairs). Check answers as a class. Ask students to call out the answers.

Teacher shows the students the worksheet with animal pictures. Explain that they should make up 10 sentences about these animals using can or can't and ask them to read out their sentences. Correct if necessary.

Activate: Show class the picture of Stevosaurus. Emphasize that this is an imaginary animal. Ask the class what it can and can't do. Working in pairs have students draw an imaginary animal on the back of their worksheets. Give them a time limit (7 minutes). Have students introduce their imaginary animals by giving it a name and saying what it can and can't do. E.g. It's name is Fishbird. It can fly and it can swim, but it can't walk.

End of ESL lesson plan

TEFL Thailand, ESL Lesson

Lesson Plan  (Beginner) (Adults resort-restaurant staff) Koh Phangan

Objective for your lesson plan : Vocabulary connected with the topic of food.

Engage: Teacher writes a simple recipe on the board. Ask the class if they know what the recipe is for. Have a photograph of the finished dish. Ask students if they can cook? What do they like to cook the most? What method of cooking do they favor? What cooking methods do they use at home? Those who don’t cook can tell the class about their favourite meals.

Study: Study vocabulary use for animals and animals when they are food. Prepare a matching exercise. Study vocabulary for different cooking methods. Prepare pictures of various dishes. Students must guess which cooking method has been used to create them. Compare answers around the class. Study the recipe used in the engage phase (or a new one if it is too simple) and study the instructions. Write the recipe on the board with the steps in the wrong order and have students place them in the right order.

Activate: Have students work in pairs to write their own recipes. They can then introduce their recipes to the class explaining how to prepare the dish. The class can then vote on the best recipe. (End of ESL lesson plan).


TEFL Thailand, lesson plans
Free ESL Lesson Plan  (Beginner)
Resort and Hotel Staff Koh Phangan

Class Level: Beginner
Number of Students:....
Duration: 1 hour

Objective for the ESL lesson plan: Be able to read and recognize basic prepositions. Be able to predict text.

Materials: Memory tray objects: paper plate, tennis ball, spoon, fork, toy, preposition list, spare paper, brochure.

Lexis Used: Over, under, on top, beside, preposition,,plate, ball, spoon, fork, toy, tray

Introduction: Teacher introduction and write your name on the board for their reference. Say that you are from the USA, UK etc and ask them to each say where they are from.

Teacher Warmer: Memory tray. Arrange the objects on a tray. Say each of their names, and drill it. Ask questions relating to the objects 'what do you use a spoon for ?' etc. This will gauge how advanced their English is. Explain the game with demonstrations. Ask them to look at each and remember what is on the tray. Then ask them to close their eyes and turn around. Take one object off the tray (spoon) and rearrange the objects. Ask them which one is missing. If they enjoy the game play 2 times (5mins)

Step-By-Step Instruction for your lesson plan:
1. Use realia from memory tray. Ask where each thing is placed, when they say the preposition, write it on the board. Repeat. Then drill the words that are on the board. Use on top, behind, in front, beside, under. Use the objects to represent what they mean. (5mins)

Then erase the words on the board write 3 phrases on the board in relation to the objects on the tray. 'The toy is beside the spoon' Use beside, behind, on top. Ask them to copy down each phrase on their paper. When done ask them to say the phrases again until each can say the sentence without hesitation. Erase the phrases off the board and ask them to read it from their writing. (10mins)

2.Teacher writes on the board the list of prepositions again. Drill once or twice. Give a prepared list of where objects should be placed on the tray. Ask them to read through the list and circle every preposition in the sentence. Discuss the answers. Read aloud the print and have them repeat it. Then ask them to work together and follow the worksheet to arrange the realia themselves on the tray. Give praise. (15mins)

3. Hand out brochures. Ask them to look through the pictures. Give ideas on what the pictures are. Then have them try and read the title. Have them predict what the brochure is about. Stress that they don't have to be able to read every word. Walk them through the first brochure.

Pass out question sheet for the second brochure. Let them take as much time as they need. Go over the answers and highlight where the answers are. (15mins)
Teacher Cooler: Word search of prepositions (10mins)

End of lesson plan.

TEFL Thailand, ESL lesson 
Koh Phangan

Class Level: Beginner
Number of Students:.....
Duration: 30 minutes

Objective for the ESL lesson: Be able to replace nouns with pronouns

Materials: Tennis ball, pronoun worksheet

Lexis Used: I am throwing it to..., I am catching it from... he, she, it, they, us, them,

Warmer: Number game. Stand up in a circle. Everyone starts counting one by one. Each person can say either 1 number or 2. The person who ends up saying the number 10 is out. (5mins)

Step-By-Step Instruction:
1. Teacher elicits on the board: I, you, he, she, it. Mime what each word means. Say Lane or Mark is going to the market, I am going to the market. Billy is going to the market, He is going to the market. The car is going to the market, it is going to the market etc. Drill until they can each say it. On the board write boy under he and girl under she and object under it. Demonstrate what an object is. (10mins)

2.Teacher elicit on the board

Lane/name is throwing the ball to (kids name)
I am throwing it to him/her
(Kids name) is catching the ball from Lane
I am catching it from her

Have them all sit in a circle. Show them how to lightly throw the tennis ball. When they throw it they must say what is on the board replacing the names and pronouns with the appropriate words. Can speed up the game for fun. Replace throwing to passing if it gets too rough.(10mins)

3. Explain us, them, and we if they are picking it up well. Hand out worksheets with pronouns.   (10mins)

Teacher Cooler:  Sing a few lyrics from a simple song in the charts or old that highlights pronouns. If not you can use the pronoun song from you tube below. 

End of lesson plan.

Class: Beginners (8-12 years old)

Duration:  2 hours

Materials: Worksheet 2A (Information), worksheet 2B (Questions), household items, drinking straws, tape, rulers, tape measure, scales.

Key Vocabulary: Measurements, length, height, width, centimetres, millimetres, metres, ruler, tape measure, weight, grams, kilograms, tonnes, heavy, light, scales, volume, litres, bottle, tank, area, metres squared, temperature, degrees, thermometer, speed, kilometres per hour, metres per second, fast, slow, electricity, volts.

Description: Saturday school lesson covering beginner level English. Vocabulary for measurements and taking measurements practically.

Objectives: Taking/following instructions, learning measurement vocabulary,  how to take measurements, strengths, weaknesses, use of materials for construction.

Standards Met: Beginners

Lesson Introduction: Explain what will be achieved during the lesson.

Written Work Step-by-Step Procedure, Learning Measurements (Total time 60 mins):
1.    Hand out information worksheet (2A). Total time with this worksheet 30 mins.

2.    Explain each measurement with demonstration on blackboard (10 mins).
3.    Demonstrate measurements physically i.e., ask students to stand and measure each other's height. Record measurements for later (10 mins).
4.    Put household items onto table, i.e., washing up liquid (millilitres), bottled water (litres), batteries (volts), tin of tomatoes (grams), etc. Demonstrate to students where they can find the measurements on each item (10 mins).

5.    Hand out question worksheet (2B). Total time with this worksheet 30 mins.

6.    Read through slowly with whole class. Using blackboard and hand movements to illustrate the questions (10 mins).
7.    Give students 10 minutes to answer questions that they can. Teacher to circulate around the class, stopping with individuals to help where required. Ensure contact with every student (10 mins).
8.    Making the class back into a group, go through the questions together, writing correct answers on the blackboard. Lots of encouragement for correct answers (10 mins).
9.    One hour complete – 10 minute break.

Activity Work Step-by-Step Procedure, Building a Bridge (Total time 30 mins):
(All materials made ready for students, cut to size)

1.    Teacher takes straws, shows how to measure base correctly.
2.    Cut base straws into required lengths and hand out to students.
3.    Ask students to stick base straws together on their own model.
4.    Repeat this, cutting pieces for the top rectangle of the bridge (again asking students to tape together their own model).
5.    Repeat this, cutting pieces for the supports (again asking students to tape together their own model).
6.    Ask students to help each other tape together their completed structure.

7.    Cool-down: students use the desks to balance their bridges. Place an object on each bridge to demonstrate the strength.

Homework/Assessment: No homework given as students are beginners. Assess learning during cool-down stage.

Lesson Plan
(School Fun Day) TEFL course Koh Phangan

Class: Beginners (7-10 years old)

Duration: 3 hours 45 minutes

Materials: Ball, whiteboard, coloured balls, worksheet 6A, worksheet 6B, worksheet 6C, drinking straws, scissors

Key Vocabulary: Days of the week, colours, fruits

Description: Fun day outdoor activities to help learn beginner level vocabulary using teamwork and individual knowledge.

Objectives: Learn new vocabulary, recall from memory without delay, improve spelling

Standards Met: Beginners

Lesson Introduction: Explain what will be achieved during the lesson.

Written Work Step-by-Step Procedure:
1.    Ask students to identify as many days of the week as possible. Write these on the whiteboard, giving any days that are missed out (ask students to repeat once so they know the pronunciation). (5 mins)
2.    Arrange students in a circle and choose a random person to start by calling out 'Monday', then throwing the ball to someone else. The next person has to call out 'Tuesday', pass on the ball, and so on. Students are out if they fail to call out the day immediately, or call out the wrong day. Play 2 or 3 times. (15 mins)
3.    Start new activity as above, but using fruits as the new vocabulary to be learn't. This time select one person to be the monkey in the middle. As the ball is passed around, the monkey tries to catch it. When caught, the monkey and ball-thrower change roles. (20 mins)
4.    Split students into two even-numbered teams and get each team to stand in a line, facing each other. Between the teams are various coloured balls. Assign numbers to each member of the first team, i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Assign the same numbers to each member of the second team. To play the game, call out a number followed by a colour.  The players from each team with the same number then have to race to get the correct coloured ball and return to their group. The winner scores a point for their team, which is then recorded on the whiteboard. The winning team is the first to score 10 points. Repeat 2 or 3 times. (20 mins)
5.    'My Friend Is....' game. Arrange students into a circle and handout worksheet 6A. Explain they have to ask their friend each detail on the worksheet, then after 5 minutes go around the circle quickly, each student calling out their friends name. Repeat with the other details of their friend, going around the circle each time. (20 mins)
6.    'Simon says' game. First explain the actions required to play the game: touch your head, touch your toes, sit down, stand up, turn around, dance. Commence the game, calling out 'Simon says...'. The slowest person to complete the correct action each time is out of the game. (15 mins)
7.    'Red light, green light' game. All students except one stand at a starting line. The student who is the caller stands 10 metres away, facing away from the rest of the group. The caller starts by shouting 'green light'. At this point the rest of the class can move towards the caller until he/she shouts 'red light', and they have to stop. The caller turns around after shouting 'red light', and if they see anyone moving they must return to the start line. The first student to reach the caller wins, and becomes the new caller. (15 mins)
8.    Spelling competition. State a word and give example used in a sentence, then ask students to spell. Arranged into two teams, the answer can be discussed and must be written down before one person stands up and gives their answer. A correct answer scores a point for the team. A different person must stand up to give the answer each time. Words to use (increasing difficulty): CAT, DOG, HELLO, BOY, GIRL, MONDAY, BANANA, THAILAND, COCONUT, MOTORBIKE. (20 mins)
9.    'Eye spy' game. One student spies an object and writes it down, announces to the class 'I spy with one little eye, something beginning with....'. The rest of the class then guess in English. If struggling, the student can give a clue, i.e., the second letter/colour/other description. The student who guesses becomes the next one to spy. (15 mins)
10.    Description game. In pairs, one student is to think of their favourite animal. Their friend must then ask questions in English until they can guess the correct animal (swapping roles). They can use the animals and questions suggested on worksheet 6A to start with, then make up their own. (20 mins)
11.    'Hokey Cokey' song. Handout worksheet 6B with song lyrics. Read out each line with students and demonstrate the action. Arrange students into a circle and perform song together with actions. (15 mins)
12.     Handout worksheet 6C (ASEAN song) for reading/writing/memory/craft activities. Explain the colours of the ASEAN flag (Blue circle – peace and stability, red – courage, white – purity, yellow – prosperity). Name each of the 10 countries and ask students to repeat each one separately, correcting pronunciation. Tell students to commence activity labeling each ASEAN country with its correct English name. Check correct answers with students. Commence activity cutting out ASEAN emblem and sticking to drinking straw to make their own flag. Introduce singing activity. Ask students to read each line of the song as it is read out, then repeat. When students can pronounce each line correctly, commence singing demonstration to show the correct rhythm. Get students to repeat each line in rhythm. Gradually build up to sing the song without pausing. (45 mins)

ESL Lesson Plan at the Restaurant  ESL Worksheet Beginners, just add pictures

Customer:  “Table for two please”

Customer: “Not this one I’d like to be near the window”

Waitress: “Can I start you off with some drinks?”
Customer: “Do you have expresso?”


Customer: “My wife would like a fresh shake”

Customer: “We are ready to order”

Customer: “Can you make vegetarian food?”

Customer: “My friend would like some noodles but not too spicey”

The waitress has taken the order………………
Customer: “Can you tell me where the toliets are please”

30 mins later ………………………
Customer “Excuse me, can you tell us how long our food is going to be? We have been waiting for half an hour!”

Waitress brings the food to the table…………………
Customer: “I would prefer to use chopsticks if you have them”

Customer finishes main course…………………
Customer: “That was really great, thank you”.


TESOL course Thailand free lesson plans

Number of students: 4                                                                 
Duration: 1 hour    - Beginners       
Objective: To re-iterate for clarity - days of the week – next week – this week – last week - months of the year and learn some expressions of feelings – happy – sad –  afraid –- sleepy – angry -  bored – exited – worried – love – relaxed – ill.   Ask the students if they can say or form some simple sentences.

Materials: Paper and pencils

Step by step guide:
(Introduction) 5 minutes
Introduce myself – where I am from – where I work – am here in Koh Phangan for 20 days.

Step by step;

Learn days of the week – months of the year – pick up on pronunciation. Show individual words and ask if she can read them out loud.
Reiterate personal pronouns – I, you, my, your, we, it, they.

Learn some expressions from above - and ask the students if they can say or form some simple sentences using vocabulary that she has learnt from previous lessons and today  -  such as:

I am feeling happy today. You are sad today. We are afraid of the snakes. He is feeling sleepy. She is angry with her husband. I am bored this week as I have no work – customers. They are excited about the boat trip next week. They are worried because they have no money. She is in love with a new man. You feel relaxed after your massage.

Explain and demonstrate that the keywords are pronounced stronger in the sentence – giving more rhythm.

Ask if they have any questions, and then suggest they practice the new words at home.

Monday           Tuesday                Wednesday    

Thursday         Friday                    Saturday

Sunday            January                 February

March              April                      May

June                July                       August

September        October                 November

December        This week                Last week

Next week        This year                 Last year

Today              Yesterday                Tomorrow

TEFL Course Thailand

Class level: Grade 6
Age: 10-12
Duration: 1 hour
Worksheet 1 – Individual work, fill-in-the-blank
Worksheet 2 – Group Work, Linking questions and response.
Buttons, Pipe Cleaners, Other decorations.
Pictures of the four animals to be stuck up on the board.
Sweets as a prizes for the winning team.

Objectives: For students to practice their understanding of conversational flow using question and
answer exercises. They will be working on sentence structure as well as their pronunciation, reading
skills, team work and learning some animal facts at the same time.
Lesson Description: In this lesson I will begin with a few practical tasks involving sentence structure. Students will get to learn some new responses within a typical conversational pattern by filling in the blank spaces on the worksheet provided. Each example will give students different idea's on common greetings and I have added in a few slang terms for them to get familiar with which they are likely to use amongst friends. We will also be reading these completed sentences out loud at the end of the exercise so the students get time to work on their pronunciation. After this completing this exercise we will move onto some creative games and activities following the
conversational theme. Students will complete one final worksheet before being divided into groups. This worksheet will require them to link the picture of the animal to the correct question and response of that animal. This will be completed as a group task. The teacher will give them materials to design their own sock puppet animals and from here we will play a class game. Each group will then receive a bag with cut-up strips of sentences in it. The students will work together in their groups to place the sentences in the correct order in the shortest time possible. On the board there will be a scoring table with each group represented. After this first round, students will switch the bags with another group and begin the task again. Once they have completed each bag, the teacher can tally the scores. We will move on to teacher student question and response exercises from here and eventually the students will have the opportunity to work on their own question and response conversations in pairs for extra points.

Standards Met: Teamwork, Group work & Individual work. Learning basic sentence structure. 

ESL Lesson Plan TEFL Thailand

Class level: One to one. Beginner/Intermediate – Mixed Ability
Age: 10-12
Duration: 2 hours
Worksheet 4 – Music lesson (continuation from previous lesson)
Worksheet 1 – Draw your superhero
Worksheet 2 - “Beach” Vocabulary
Worksheet 5 – Conversation exercise
Worksheet 6 – Match the word to the picture
blank paper

Vocabulary: Worksheet 2. Terms of things used or found on the beach.
Objectives: In this lesson we will work on developing a wider vocabulary on terms related to the beach. Students will also practice their understanding of conversational flow using question and answer exercises and work on their pronunciation and reading skills.

Lesson Description: Today we will start with a fun activity! The teacher will hand out Worksheet 1 and the students will get the opportunity to draw their own superhero's. This should take around 15 minutes of the lesson. The students will also fill out the required information on the page. Once this activity is completed, we will do a brief recap of last weeks 'Worksheet 4' and go through our homework from the lesson. This is a good time to check on how well they were able to comprehend the task. The teacher will then hand out the next worksheet and go through the beach vocabulary. Together the students will read out the words and practice their pronunciation. For difficult words the teacher may want to use visual aids to help the students understand the words. Make use of the pictures on the worksheet and draw any misunderstood words on a sheet of blank paper. Once reading through all the words in the vocabulary list, students will work individually to complete the worksheet. They are required to write the correct word underneath the corresponding picture. The next exercise will require students to practice their reading skills and understanding of
conversational flow. Each student will get individual reading time in this exercise and we will go through the worksheet extensively. This is also a time to work on any pronunciation struggles. Students will also complete the exercise on the worksheet by filling in the correct sentence from the
box at the bottom of the page. Once they have filled in the correct sentences, they will read through the sentences again in pairs. The final worksheet to be completed is an animal fact sheet where students use their knowledge on animals to determine how to complete the conversation. They will link up the correct boxes and
pictures. They will also be reading out these sentences aloud.

Standards Met: Reading, Pronunciation, Individual work, New Vocabulary, Sentence Structure,

BEACH • VOCABULARY - You need a picture worksheetto math the vocabulary below
Choppy Waves
Bark of the tree
Coconut husk
Sand flea
Wide Brim Hat
Sandals/Flip Flops
Red leaves
Paddle (verb)

ESL Lesson plan tip - Don't let your students on your laptop !!!!!

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